Tagged with ARRA

Privacy and Meaningful Use Stage Two Proposed Rule

Meaningful Use Stage Two

As you might know, this week the Center for Medicare and Medicaid released its proposed rule for Meaningful Use Stage II.

You will note that the proposed rule emphasizes direct contact with patients, patient safety (especially in medication administration to those hospitalized) and a modicum of flexibility in order to reduce burdens upon providers and vendors.  There didn’t appear to be much discussion of HIPAA/privacy.

I spend a great deal of time in my practice thinking about issues of privacy and security and HIPAA compliance and was therefore interested in seeing how the draft rules dealt with these.

Where is Privacy Considered Within Meaningful Use?

A rudimentary word search revealed that the first reference to privacy was found on page 77 of a 445 page document.  That particular reference basically exorts eligible providerss”Oh, and hey, by the way, remember that thing called HIPAA!”  Actually, the reference goes on to redeem itself a bit, because it then explicitly tells provider that HIPAA does not restrict a provider from giving the patient access to his/her clinical summaries.  Indeed, the rule requires the patients be provided with their clinical summaries within 24 hours 50 percent of the time.

The next two references were music to this breach avoidance evangalist’s ears!  The draft points out the vital nature of encryption and states that almost 40 percent of large breaches rep0orted to HHS involve lost or stolen devices.  If these devices are properly encrypted, covered entities basically “get out of jail free.”  Thorough risk analysis and security updates are  also highlighted.  http://www.ofr.gov/OFRUpload/OFRData/2012-04443_PI.pdf

The rule drafters take pains to highlight that discussion of certain  HIPAA requirements within the context of defining Stage Two Meaningful Use does not in any way diminish the requirement that eligible providers adhere to all requirements of the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules as well as state confidentiality rules.  Additionally, those providing substance abuse and mental health services are reminded to review SAMHSA regulations.  http://www.ofr.gov/OFRUpload/OFRData/2012-04443_PI.pdf

Stage Two also includes a requirement that Eligible Providers give patients the ability to access view, download and transmit their own health information within 4 business days of the information being available to the Eligible Provider.  This is less a nod to HIPAA than it is to Fair Information Practice Principles, implemented in the 1970’s, which set forth minimum standards for allowing citizens access to information collected about them.  http://www.ofr.gov/OFRUpload/OFRData/2012-04443_PI.pdf.  These principles were instrumental in HIPAA’s development.

Meaningful Use Presupposes Some meaningful protection of PHI.

In sum, the Proposed Rule defining Stage Two of Meaningful Use highlight the need to ensure adequate protection for protected health information.

The #: meaningfuluseprivacy

The 140:  Meaningful Use Stage 2 mentions HIPAA compliance & incorporates by reference more than emphasizing it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Health Information Exchange Developments in Florida

The 140: Health Information Exchange continues to evolve in Florida

The hash#: #stakeholderinterests

The Central/North Florida Chapter of the Health Information Management Systems Society met today in Tallahassee.  In case you missed my live tweets, here are a few highlights:

The Florida Department of Health has a robust comprehensive disease reporting system that is a model for the nation.

State Representative Gayle Harrell is a statewide and national leader on health information exchange. She took comments and concerns from the stakeholders about health information exchange and electronic health record adoption.  As someone with a compliance orientation, I appreciate her understanding of the need to emphasize privacy and security in these systems to enhance patient trust.

Dr. Kenyatta Lee, M.D. Assistant Professor of Community and Family Medicine Department at University of Florida College of Medicine spoke about how electronic health record adoption fosters the patient-centered-medical home model of health care delivery.

Harris Corporation presented an update on the progress of Health Information Exchange in Florida.

Finally, professors from Florida International University presented on their ongoing evaluation of Harris Corporation’s performance in building the statewide HIE infrastructure.  FIU has diligently and continually soliciting and accepting input from stakeholders.  I participated in the interview process as a member of the Health Information Exchange Coordinating Committee. FIU emphasized that they are acting as independent evaluators, however they are being paid by AHCA.  It will be interesting to see the final draft of the report.

Thorny issues continue to be physician engagement, adoption, sustainability and governance.  Ongoing questions also exist about whether the government should own and/or control the HIE infrastructure.  Educating health care consumers and providers about the benefits of health information exchange is also crucial.  For patients, E.H.R. adoption provides them with better continuity of care and enhanced safety.  For providers, it allows them to deliver care more efficiently and consistently.

As more and more providers race to meet meaningful use requirements, we will continue to see evolving and spirited dialogue about how HIE may meet the needs of all stakeholders, and whether one HIE can serve them all.

How do you feel about what you have read?  Leave a comment below and enjoy your day!

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Nurse’s Case Against ARRA Thrown Out Again

The 140: Nurses#ARRA-based federal case against HHS dismissed again…#meaningfuluse didn’t prove her case.

The hash: #dismissed

On June 25, 2009, Plaintiffs Beatrice M. Heghmann and Robert A. Heghmann filed a lawsuit against Defendant Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary, Department of Health and Human services alleging constitutional violations in connection with the health care provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (the “Stimulus Act”),  (2009).     Ms. Heghmann’s husband served as her attorney.   Specifically, Ms. Heghman alleged that provisions of ARRA violation provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.

The complaint alleged that the electronic health record system being developed utilizing federal dollars would undermine patient privacy.  The aspirational goal set forth in ARRA that every person in America possess an electronic health record by 2014 also concerned Plaintiff because she believed there was insufficient assurance that patient could maintain control over who could access their health information. She alleged that she and other could potentially suffer harm if their protected health information was inappropriately disclosed.

The Court granted HHS’s Motion to Dismiss on May 13, 2010, on the grounds that Plaintiffs lacked standing to bring this lawsuit. Judgment was entered for the Defendant on May 24, 2010. On June 2, 2010, Plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal to the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. On March 11, 2011, and after appellate briefing had begun, Plaintiffs stipulated to dismissal of their appeal. On May 4, 2011 , Plaintiffs filed a motion for relief from judgment under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure,  asking the Court to vacate its order of dismissal. Specifically, Plaintiffs argue that the Final Rule promulgated on July 2 8, 2010 by the Department of Health and Human Services (“Final Rule”) under the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (“HITECH Act”), Title XIII of Division A and Title IV of Division B of the Stimulus Act, refutes the Court’s previous conclusions that (1) the policies and incentives authorized by the HITECH Act are voluntary, and (2) Plaintiffs failed to establish that they would suffer a direct injury-in fact sufficient to confer standing.  The rule pointed to by Plaintiff was the long awaited rule defining “meaningful use” of electronic health records.  This federal rule sets specific objectives that eligible professionals  and hospitals must achieve to qualify for federal incentive payments authorized in ARRA.  Plaintiffs’ motion was denied by the US District Court for the Southern District of New York on January 3, 2012.

This case highlights the concern many patients have about the privacy of their most personal information in the world of HITECH.  They wonder how or if they can opt out of electronic sharing of their health information.  Practitioners may wonder how they would deliver care to a patient who did not want their information exchanged in electronic form

For now, this particular case appers to have reached a conclusion.

 

S.D.N.Y.,2012. Heghmann v. Sebelius Slip Copy,(S.D.N.Y.)
1:09cv05880 (Docket) (Jun. 25, 2009)

 

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